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從反義到近義:漢語反義對舉四字格中的隱喻與轉喻
From Antonym to Synonym: Metaphor and Metonymy in Contrastively Antonymous Four-Character Forms in Chinese

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2014/2015 The School of Chinese Research Student Seminar

從反義到近義:漢語反義對舉四字格中的隱喻與轉喻
From Antonym to Synonym:
Metaphor and Metonymy in Contrastively Antonymous Four-Character Forms in Chinese

袁愫 Yuan Su

March 6, 2015 (Friday); 5:30pm-6:45pm
Room 730, Run Run Shaw Tower, Centennial Campus, HKU
Language: Putonghua


四字格是漢語中獨具表達效用的語言形式,其中以2+2聯合式結構較為典型。本演講關注聯合式四字格中的反義語素,考察其中的隐喻和轉喻現象,及隨之產生的語義變化。講者以詞彙化和韻律學兩種語言學視角切入,分析反義對舉四字格中隱喻、轉喻廣泛存在的語言基礎,並依據理論演繹和語言事實,論證對舉語義場透過隱喻、轉喻機制實現語義發展的普遍原理。


Four-Character Form (FCF) is a particularly expressive form in Chinese with a typical structure of the combination of 2+2. This talk focuses on the analysis of metaphor and metonymy occurred in the antonymous morphemes and semantic changes caused within contrastively antonymous FCF. The pervasive occurrence of metaphor and metonymy in contrastively antonymous FCF is then possible to be explained from two linguistic perspectives, lexicalization and prosodic phonology. Based on deduction and linguistic facts, the contrastive semantic field is argued to be developed semantically by means of metaphor and metonymy.

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