北京大學藏秦漢簡牘研究的新收穫
New Findings from the Study of the Qin and Han Bamboo and Wooden Slips Collected by the Peking University

2015-2016 School of Chinese Seminar

北京大學藏秦漢簡牘研究的新收穫
New Findings from the Study of the Qin and Han Bamboo and Wooden Slips Collected by the Peking University

朱鳳瀚教授 Professor Zhu Fenghan
北京大學歷史系 History Department, Peking University

Date and Time: October 15, 2015 (Thursday); 5:30-6:45pm
Venue: Room 730, Run Run Shaw Tower, Centennial Campus, HKU
Language: Putonghua

2009年底至2010年初,北京大學得到捐贈,先後入藏了兩批從海外回歸的秦漢簡牘,抄寫年代分別為秦始皇與漢武帝時期。其中西漢竹書均是久已佚失的珍貴典籍,包括失傳近800餘年的秦漢重要字書《蒼頡篇》,文本介於馬王堆帛書本與今本之間的最完整的西漢簡本《老子》,記載秦末史實而與《史記·秦本紀》有異的《趙正書》,見載於《漢書·藝文志》的早期道家著作《周馴(訓)》,早於枚乘《七發》的漢賦《反淫》與年代最早的俗賦《妄稽》,集秦漢數術大成的多種古書以及比馬王堆醫書“七十二病方”更為豐富的西漢醫方等等,是迄今一次出土的西漢典籍類簡牘中內容最為豐富的重要發現,在中國學術史上有極重要的意義。北大藏秦簡牘除了有較早期的“為吏之道”類簡本《從政之經》,與里耶秦簡中所見地理類簡本相似的水陸里程簡冊及算數書外,還有以往發現的秦簡牘中極少見的詩文等文學類作品,並有比班昭《女誡》早300餘年的《教女》,反映出嚴刑酷法的秦代社會中秦人基層社會生活與社會文化多彩的另一面。本講座將介紹對上述北大藏秦漢簡牘研究取得的最新成果與研究動態。

Between late 2009 to early 2010, the Peking University purchased two batches of Qin and Han bamboo and wooden slips from abroad, which are dated to the years of Emperor Qinshi Huang and Emperor Hanwu respectively. The Western Han manuscripts consist of a number of valuable texts that had been lost for centuries, including the “Cangjie pian” (an important dictionary lost for over 800 years), the Western Han Laozi(the most complete Laozi text dated between the Mawangdui and extant versions), the“Zhao Zheng shu” (a text of late Qin historical events different from the those in the “Qin benji” chapter of Shiji), the “Zhu xun” (an early Taoist writing coherent to the records in the “Yiwen zhi” chapter of Hanshu), the “Fanyin” (a Han fu composed prior to Mei Cheng’s “Qifa”), the “Wanxi” (the earliest vulgar fu presently exists), various Qin-Han divination texts, and Western Han medical prescriptions. These texts have been regarded as the most remarkable discovery among the Western Han manuscripts excavated to date, and are profoundly significant to the studies of intellectual history of China. Regarding the Qin slips, aside from the early officers’ textbook “Chong zheng zhi jing” as well as the transportation and mathematical texts which are similar to those in the Liye Qin bamboo slips, they also cover a couple of poetry and literature writings that have been rarely seen in Qin and Han manuscripts. Furthermore, the “Jiaonu”, which was written 300 years earlier than Ban Zhao’s “Nujie”, reflects the social life of common people and presents Qin’s splendid culture under its legalism of strict laws and cruel punishments. This talk intends to introduce the latest progress and findings from the above studies.

1990年至1998年期間曾任南開大學歷史學系教授(1990)、歷史學系主任(1995)、人文學院副院長(1995);1998年至2005年期間先後任中國歷史博物館副館長(1998)、館長(2000)、中國國家博物館常務副館長(2003);2005年迄今任北京大學歷史系與中國古代史研究中心教授、北京大學出土文獻研究所所長。
Professor Zhu Fenghan has been a Professor in the Centre of Ancient Chinese History Studies, History Department and the Director of the Centre for Excavated Texts at the Peking University since 2005. He severed as a Professor (1990) and the Head (1995) of the History Department as well as Associate Dean (1995) of the Humanities Faculty at Nankai University during 1990 to 1998. Between 1998 and 2005, he was the Deputy Director (1998) and the Director (2000) of the Museum of Chinese History as well as the Deputy Director (2003) of the National Museum of China.

ALL ARE WELCOME!