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清代歐式氣象儀器及其工藝原理的引入與傳播

Posted By admin On 10:30 AM In Past Events 2018-19 | Comments Disabled

2017/2018 School of Chinese Public Lecture Series

清代歐式氣象儀器及其工藝原理的引入與傳播
The Introduction and Spread of European Meteorological
Instruments and Its Technological Principles in Qing China

施威博士Dr. Shi Wei

April 26 (Thursday), 2018, 4:30-6pm, Room 730, Run Run Shaw Tower

Language: Putonghua

在氣象技術體系中,氣象儀器無疑是最主要的技術形態之一。17世紀初,歐洲興起了氣象觀測的“製器革命”,推動氣象事業進入近代化階段,中西技術差距自此形成並逐漸擴大。鴉片戰爭以後,隨著外國氣象臺在華的陸續建立以及氣象觀測與預報工作的深入開展,歐式氣象儀器引進呈現規模化、系統化與精密化等特徵,其技術工藝和原理也得以廣泛傳播。基於以上背景,本講以清代為中心,對歐式氣象儀器及其工藝原理傳入的階段、特點、效應等進行闡述。

In the system of meteorological technology, the meteorological instrument is undoubtedly one of the most important forms of technology. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the rise of the “revolution of instrument making” for meteorological observations in Europe promoted the modernization of the meteorological industry and gradually formed and expanded a technological gap between China and the West. After the Opium War, with the establishment of meteorological observatories by foreigners in China and the improvement of meteorological observation and forecasting, the introduction of European meteorological instruments was characterized by scale, systematization and precision, and their technological craftsmanship and principles were also widely disseminated. Based on the above background, this talk will focus on the stages, features and effects etc. of the introduction of European meteorological instruments and their technological craftsmanship.

施威博士,現為南京信息工程大學副教授、香港大學中文學院客座助理教授,兼任南京信息工程大學高層次專家聯絡辦公室執行主任、南京信息工程大學氣候與環境治理研究院特邀研究員、中國工業考古與工業遺產保護研究會理事、中國科技史學會科技史教學專業委員會理事、江蘇省農史學會理事等。主要從事氣象科技史、科學傳播與科學教育、科學與文化等領域的教學和研究。發表學術論文50餘篇,出版專著3部,主持國家社科基金專案等省部級以上科研項目6項。

Dr. Shi is Associate Professor of Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology and Visiting Assistant Professor of the School of Chinese, University of Hong Kong. He is also Executive Director of High Level Experts Liaison Office and Guest Researcher at the Research Institute of Climate and Environmental Governance of Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology and serves at the boards of the Society of China Industrial Archaeology and Industrial Heritage Protection, the Professional Committee for Education of History of Science under the Chinese Society for the History of Science and Technology, and the Society of Jiangsu Agriculture History. He teaches and studies mainly meteorological history, the transmission and education of science, and science and culture. He has published over 50 journal articles and three books, and hosted six provincial and above research projects sponsored by National Social Science Fund etc.

ALL ARE WELCOME!

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