2013/2014 School of Chinese Research Student Seminar
Ancestor Worship in the Shang Dynasty (ca. 1570-1045 B.C.) – An Examination of the Usage of Sacrificial Offerings 金夢瑤 Jin Mengyao
March 7, 2014 (Friday); 5:30-6:45pm
Room 730, Run Run Shaw Tower, Centennial Campus, HKU Language: Putonghua
中國是否有宗教以及中國宗教的特點為何,一直存有爭論。這是由於宗教學研究主 要關注宗教信仰,而中國宗教是通過儀式來維繫。儀式是宗教維繫的重要體現,包括祭 祀供品、祭祀對象、祭祀的具體行為等。三千多年前的殷商甲骨卜辭即證明中國宗教是 以祖先崇拜和祖先崇拜意識為核心,而祖先崇拜和祖先崇拜意識則通過殷商的宗教儀式 得到強化。講者將通過探討殷商祭祖儀式中祭祀供品的使用情況,闡明祖先崇拜在殷商 祭祀中佔主要地位。
Whether China has religions and what the characteristics of Chinese religions are remain debatable. This is because religious studies mainly focus on religious beliefs, but Chinese religions are maintained through ceremonies. Ceremonies, involving sacrificial offerings and objects, as well as concrete sacrificial behaviors, are important for the continuous development of Chinese religions. Oracle bone inscriptions from about three thousand years ago prove that ancestor worship and consciousness of ancestor worship are the major elements of Chinese religions and are strengthened through religious ceremonies of the Shang Dynasty. This talk will discuss the usage of sacrificial offerings in the ancestor worship ceremonies in the Shang Dynasty, demonstrating the significance of ancestor worship in the Shang Dynasty sacrificial system.