Please note that the below seminar is postponed. The new date will be advised in due course.
2019-20 School of Chinese Seminar
Míng Period Guānhuà or Jìn Dialect?
The Qīngjiāo zázhù as a Standard for Shānxī Opera
Professor Richard Van Ness Simmons 史皓元教授
時間:Time: December 13, 2019 (Friday), 11:00am-12:30pm
地點: Venue: Room 730, Run Run Shaw Tower, Centennial Campus,
The University of Hong Kong
演講語言 Language: 普通話 Putonghua
This presentation examines the phonology of Sāng Shàoliáng’s (fl. 1543-1581) Qīngjiāo zázhù [Compilation from the Qīngjiāo studio]. Sāng Shàoliáng compiled his book in an effort to provide a phonology that broadly reconciles northern and southern Mandarin pronunciations, primarily as a guide to versification. Because Sāng was from the area of Northern Héběi, his work is also often thought to represent a form of the Guānhuà koinē of the time. However, such a characterization has been disputed, as Sāng’s phonology contains idiosyncratic elements and layers that could not have been widely used in the Míng Mandarin koinē. Careful analysis of the phonology in Sāng’s book reveals that in fact it was directly based on a type of Shānxī dialect, a variety that is spoken in the region where Sāng spent a large portion of his professional and family life. We thus have a detailed guide for operatic enunciation by an author of the Jìn region who also wrote at least one Míng play: Dúlèyuán 獨樂園 [Garden for secluded contentment]. This presentation will outline Sāng’s Shānxī phonology and explore whether or not that phonology can be discerned in the rhyming used in the songs in his one surviving play.
史皓元 (Richard Van Ness Simmons)，美國西雅圖華盛頓州漢語語言學博士，香港大學中文學院客座教授，美國羅格斯–新澤西州立大學亞洲語言文化系終身教授、前系主任。曾獲亨利.魯斯基金會中美合作研究項目提供的看就經費在江蘇省從事漢語方言地理學研究。2015年獲選成為普林斯頓高等研究院（IAS）的研究會員。他的研究範圍包括：漢語方言、漢語史等。著作包括《漢語方言分區的理論與實踐》（英文版1999，中文版，2011）、《江淮官話與吳語邊界的方言地理學研究》（與石汝傑和顧黔合著，2006）、《滬英–英滬小詞典》（2011）、《漢語與漢藏語研究：方言、音韻與文獻》（與方妮安合編，2014）等書。
Richard Van Ness Simmons is Visiting Professor in the School of Chinese at The University of Hong Kong and Professor of Chinese and Immediate Past Chair of the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures at Rutgers University. He holds a Ph.D. in Chinese linguistics from the University of Washington, Seattle. He has received numerous grants and awards to support his scholarship, including a multi-year grant from the Henry Luce Foundation U.S. China Cooperative Research Program. In Spring 2015 Simmons was the Starr Foundation East Asian Studies Endowment Fund Member of the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. His areas of expertise include Chinese dialectology and the history of Chinese. Simmons’ publications include Chinese Dialect Classification — A Comparative Approach to Harngjou, Old Jintarn, and Common Northern Wu (1999; translation in Chinese 2010), Chinese Dialect Geography: Distinguishing Mandarin and Wu in Their Boundary Region (2006), Shanghainese Dictionary and Phrasebook (2011) and Studies in Chinese and Sino-Tibetan Linguistics: Dialect, Phonology, Transcription and Text (2014).